Commit ab6c4d79 authored by Antoine Caubrière's avatar Antoine Caubrière
Browse files

C1 - mise en forme

parent c7a9dad9
......@@ -22,12 +22,14 @@ Il s'agit d'algorithmes sur lesquels repose l'apprentissage profond.
Nous représentons l'emplacement de l'apprentissage profond au sein de l'IA dans la figure suivante.
\vspace{-0.2cm}
\begin{figure}[htbp]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=0.35\linewidth]{Chapitre1/figures/place_AP.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=0.32\linewidth]{Chapitre1/figures/place_AP.pdf}
\end{center}
\caption{L'apprentissage profond au sein de l'IA}
\end{figure}
\vspace{-0.2cm}
L'apprentissage profond est un type d'intelligence artificielle s'appuyant sur les réseaux de neurones.
Il s'agit de systèmes mettant en réseau une brique élémentaire qu'il nous est nécessaire de définir, le neurone formel.
......@@ -117,7 +119,9 @@ De nos jours, le perceptron est une architecture très simpliste.
Sa limite concerne sa capacité à ne résoudre que des problèmes linéairement séparables.
Elle a pu être surmontée par la mise en réseau de plusieurs neurones simples.
\vspace{-0.15cm}
\section{Perceptron multicouche}
\vspace{-0.15cm}
Le principe du perceptron multicouche (\textit{MultiLayer Perceptron, MLP})~[\cite{rumelhart1985learning}], est d'organiser en collaboration plusieurs perceptrons simples de manière à utiliser la sortie d'un neurone comme entrée d'un ou plusieurs autres.
Plusieurs neurones peuvent être présents côte à côte, on parle ainsi de couche neuronale et ils peuvent être connectés à plusieurs neurones d'une couche suivante.
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......@@ -2877,9 +2877,9 @@ c-tions sont dis-cr
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[]\T1/jkp/m/n/10.95 Une se-conde va-riante consiste à les mettre à jour après l
'uti-li-sa-tion de la to-ta-lité des exemples
[]
[30] [31]
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[]\T1/jkp/m/n/10.95 Cette mé-thode [[][]\T1/jkp/m/sc/10.95 Nes-te-rov [][]\T1/j
kp/m/n/10.95 2013[][]] est une évo-lu-tion de la mé-thode du mo-men-tum. Elle c
onsiste
[]
[32] [33] [34]
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[]\T1/jkp/m/n/10.95 Il existe plu-sieurs autres va-riantes d'al-go-rithmes d'op
-ti-mi-sa-tions, nous pou-vons par exemple
[]
[35]
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[]\T1/jkp/m/n/10.95 Les avan-tages de cette mé-thode sont mul-tiples. Elle per-
met no-tam-ment d'ac-cé-lé-rer la conver-
[]
......@@ -2942,7 +2945,7 @@ met no-tam-ment d'ac-c
File: Chapitre1/figures/surapprentissage.pdf Graphic file (type pdf)
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[]\T1/jkp/m/n/10.95 Le dro-pout [[][]\T1/jkp/m/sc/10.95 Sri-vas-tava \T1/jkp/m/
n/10.95 et al. [][]2014[][]] est une autre ré-gu-la-ri-sa-tion ef-fi-cace contr
e le sur-apprentissage.
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[]\T1/jkp/m/n/10.95 Nous don-nons dans la fi-gure [][]1.9[][], une re-pré-sen-t
a-tion sché-ma-tique de l'ar-chi-tec-ture encodeur-
[]
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